ph-media-research

References

Healthcare

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  21. Loftus RW, Muffly MK, Brown JR, Beach ML, Koff MD, Beach ML. Corwin HL, Surgenor SD, Kirkland KB, Yaeger MP. 2010. Hand Contamination of Anesthesia Providers is an Important Risk Factor for Intraoperative Bacterial Transmission. Anesth Analg 112:98-105
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  23. MacDonald A, MacKenzie FD, Wilson A. 2003. Performance feedback of hand hygiene, using alcohol gel as the skin decontaminant, reduces the number of inpatients newly affected by MRSA and antibiotic costs. Journal Hosp Infect, 56:56-63.
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  27. Michaels B, & Griffith C. 2013. Hand Hygiene Training: Improving Compliance & Reducing Infection Rates. Arab Medical Hygiene. In Press.
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  34. Pittet, D., S. Hugonnet, S. Harbarth, P. Mourouga, V. Sauvan, S. Touveneau, and T. V. Perneger. 2000. Effectiveness of a hospital-wide progamme to improve compliance with hand hygiene. Infection Control Progamme. Lancet 2000; 356(9238):1307-1312.
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Food & Beverage

  1. Food Worker Handwashing and Food Preparation. CDC. http://www.cdc.gov/nceh/ehs/EHSNet/plain_language/Food-Worker-Handwashing-Food-Preparation.html. Accessed 7-10-13
  2. Hovey L. (2003). One in three caterers don’t wash hands after using lavatory, (UK) survey shows. Food Protection Trends 23:53–4
  3. Greig JD, Todd ECD, Bartleson CA, Michaels BS. (2007). Outbreaks Where Food Workers Have Been Implicated in the Spread of Foodborne Disease. Part 1. Description of the Problem, Methods, and Agents Involved. Journal Food Protection, 70(7):1752–1761
  4. Griffith, C.J; Malik, R; Cooper, R.A; Looker, N; Michaels, B. (2003). Environmental Surfaces and the Potential for Contamination During Handwashing. American Journal of Infection Control. 31(2):93-96
  5. Hovey L. (2003). One in three caterers don’t wash hands after using lavatory, (UK) survey shows. Food Protection Trends 23:53–4.
  6. Jepson, B (2012) U.S Workforce Illness Costs $576B Annually From Sick Days To Workers Compensation, Forbes. http://www.forbes.com/sites/brucejapsen/2012/09/12/u-s-workforce-illness-costs-576b-annually-from-sick-days-to-workers-compensation/. Accessed 7-10-13.
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  8. Lin, C.M; Wu, F.M; Doyle, M.P; Michaels, B.S; Williams, K. (2004). A Comparison of Hand Washing Techniques to Remove Escherichia coli and Calicivirus Under Natural or Artificial Fingernails. Journal Food Protection. 66(12):2296-2301
  9. Michaels, B. (2002). Handling Money and Serving Ready-to-Eat Food. Food Service Technology 2(1):1-3
  10. Michaels B., Keller C., Blevins M., Paoli G., Ruthman T, Todd E. & Griffith, C.J. (2004). Prevention of food worker transmission of foodborne pathogens: risk assessment and evaluation of effective hygiene intervention strategies. Food Service Technology. 4(2):31-49
  11. Michaels, B.; Gangar, V.; Lin, C.M.; Doyle, M. (2003). Use Limitations of Alcoholic Instant Hand Sanitizer as Part of a Food Service Hand Hygiene Program. Food Service Technology 2003. 3(2):71-80
  12. Michaels B. (2004). Understanding the Glove Risk Paradigm: Part II. Food Safety Magazine 10(4):00-05
  13. Michaels B. (2004). Understanding the Glove Risk Paradigm: Part I. Food Safety Magazine 10(3):24-7
  14. MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report). (2003). Multistate Outbreak of Hepatitis A Among Young Adult Concert Attendees – United States, 2003. MMWR 52(35):844-845.
  15. Studies on Restaurant Food Handling and Food Safety Practices, CDC. http://www.cdc.gov/nceh/ehs/ehsnet/Restaurant_Policies_Practices.html. Accessed 7-8-13.
  16. The hands that feed us. Challenges and Opportunities for workers along the food chain. Food Chain Workers Alliance, http://foodchainworkers.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/06/Hands-That-Feed-Us-Report.pdf. Page 4, Accessed 7-8-13
  17. Todd E, Greig JD, Bartleson CA, Michaels BS. (2007). Outbreaks Where Food Workers Have Been Implicated in the Spread of Foodborne Disease. Part 2. Description of Outbreaks by Size, Severity, and Settings. Journal Food Protection, 70(8):1975-1993
  18. Todd E, Greig JD, Bartleson CA, Michaels BS. (2007). Outbreaks Where Food Workers Have Been Implicated in the Spread of Foodborne Disease. Part 3. Factors Contributing to Outbreaks and Description of Outbreak Categories. Journal Food Protection, 70(9): 2199-2217
  19. Todd E, Judy D. Greig , Charles A. Bartleson , and Barry S. Michaels. (2008).Outbreaks where food workers have been implicated in the spread of foodborne disease. Part 4. Contamination of the food environment and the transmission of pathogens. Journal Food Protection, 71(11):2339-73
  20. Todd E, Judy D. Greig, Charles A. Bartleson, and Barry S. Michaels. (2008). Outbreaks where food workers have been implicated in the spread of foodborne disease. Part 5. Sources of Contamination and Pathogen Excretion from Infected Persons. Journal of Food Protection, 71(12):2582-95
  21. Todd E, Judy D. Greig , Charles A. Bartleson, and Barry S. Michaels. (2009). Outbreaks where food workers have been implicated in the spread of foodborne disease. Part 6. Transmission and survival of pathogens in the food processing and preparation environment. Journal of Food Protection, 72(1): 202-19
  22. Todd E, Michaels BS, Greig JD, Holah J, Smith D and Bartleson CA. (2010). Outbreaks Where Food Workers Have Been Implicated in the Spread of Foodborne Disease: Part 7: Barriers to Reduce Contamination of Food by Workers. Journal of Food Protection 73(8):1552-65
  23. Todd E, Michaels BS, Greig JD, Holah J, Smith D and Bartleson CA. (2010). Outbreaks Where Food Workers Have Been Implicated in the Spread of Foodborne Disease: Part 8: Gloves as Barriers to Prevent Contamination of Food by Workers. Journal of Food Protection 73(9):1762-73
  24. Todd E, Michaels BS, Smith D, Greig JD, Holah J, and Bartleson CA. (2010). Outbreaks Where Food Workers Have Been Implicated in the Spread of Foodborne Disease: Paper 9: Washing and Drying of Hands to Reduce Microbial Contamination. Journal of Food Protection, 73(10):1937-55
  25. Todd E, Michaels BS, Holah J, Smith D, Greig JD and Bartleson CA. (2010). Outbreaks Where Food Workers Have Been Implicated in the Spread of Foodborne Disease: Paper 10: Alcohol-Based for Hand Disinfection and a Comparison of Their Effectiveness with Soaps. Journal of Food Protection, 73(11):2128-40
  26. Todd E, Michaels BS, Greig JD, Bartleson CA, Holah J, Smith D. (2010). Outbreaks Where Food Workers Have Been Implicated in the Spread of Foodborne Disease: Paper 11: Issues of Compliance for the Proper Use of Sanitizers/antiseptics and Soaps in Community and Food Settings. Journal of Food Protection, 73(12):2306-20.
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  28. WHO responds to new challenges in Food Safety. WHO. http://www.who.int/inf-pr-2000/en/pr2000-04.html. Accessed 7-8-13

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Money Handling

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  2. Adamu James Yazah, Jairus Yusuf and Ameh James Agbo, (2012). Bacterial Contaminants of Nigerian Currency Notes and Associated Risk Factors. Research Journal of Medical Sciences, 6: 1-6. (Nigeria)
  3. Al-Ghamdi AK, Abdelmalek SM, Bamaga MS, Azhar EL, Wakid MH, Alsaied Z, (2011). Bacterial contamination of Saudi “one” Riyal paper notes. Southeast Asian Journal Trop Med Public Health, 42(3):711-6. (Saudi Arabia)
  4. Alwakeel SS, Nasser LA. (2011). Bacterial and Fungal Contamination of Saudi Arabian Paper Currency and Cell Phones. Asian Journal Biol Sci, 4:556-62. (Saudi Arabia)
  5. Ameh, J.B. and Y.O. Balogun, 1997. The health implication of microbial load of abused naira notes. Spectrums, 4: 138-140. (Nigeria)
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  7. Barolia SK, Verma S, Verma BK. (2011). Coliform Contamination on different Paper Currency in Ajmer, Rajasthan, India. Univer Journal Environ Res & Tech, 1(4):552-556. (India)
  8. Basavarajappa KG, Suresh K, Roa PNS. (2005). Study of bacterial, fungal, and parasite contamination of currency notes in circulation. Indian Journal Path & microbial, 48(2): 278-279. (India)
  9. Bhat, N., S. Bhat, K. Asawa and A. Agarwal, 2010. An assessment of oral health risk associated with handling of currency notes. International Journal Dental Clinics, 2(3): 14-16. (India)
  10. Bosch, A.M.T. and P.L. Steyn, 1997. Microorganisms of South African banknotes. S. Afr. Journal. Food Sci. Nutr., 9(1): 24-26 24. (South Africa)
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  12. Cutler R, Curtis V, et al. (2012). Study of credit cards, hands and money from UK. Unpublished Research. (United Kingdom)
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  16. Enemuor SC, Victor PI, Oguntibeju OO. (2012). Microbial contamination of currency counting machines and counting room environments in selected commercial banks. Sci Res & ESS, 7(14):1508-1511. (Nigeria)
  17. Feglo P, Nkansah M. (2010). Bacterial load on Ghanaian currency notes. African Journal Microbiol Res, 4(22):2375-2380. (Ghana)
  18. Ferenc, H. (2000). About the microbiological state of notes and coins. Magyar Allatorvosok Lapja 122, 501-503. (Hungary)
  19. Gadsby P (1998). Filthy lucre: bugs, drugs, and grime hitch a ride on the back of every buck. Discover 19:76–84. (United States)
  20. Goktas P, Oktay G (1992). Bacteriological examination of paper money. Mikrobiyological Bul 26:344–8. (Turkey)
  21. Havas, F. (2000). About the bacteriological state of notes and coins. Magyar Allatorvosok Lapja, 122(8), 501-503. (Hungary)
  22. Hassan A, Farouk H, Hassanein F, Abdul-Ghani R. 2011). Currency as a potential environmental vehicle for transmitting parasites among food-related workers in Alexandria, Egypt. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg, 105(9):519-24. (Egypt)
  23. Hilditch, W.W. (1908). A bacteriological study of soiled paper money. Popular Science Monthly. 73, 157-165. (United States)
  24. Hosen JM, Sarif DI, Rahman MM, Azad MHK. (2006). Contamination of coliforms in different paper currency notes of Bangledesh. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sci, 9(5): 868-870. (Bangledesh)
  25. Igumbor EO, Obi CL, Bessong PO, Potgieter N, Mkasi TC. (2007). Microbiological analysis of banknotes circulating in the Venda region of Limpopo province, South Africa. S Africa. Sabinet, 103(9):365-366. (South Africa)
  26. Jalgaonkar SV, Agrawal G, Rahangdale V, Kokate SB (2007). Currency as fomites? Indian Journal Commun. Med, 32: 157-158. (India).
  27. Jepson, B (2012) U.S Workforce Illness Costs $576B Annually From Sick Days To Workers Compensation, Forbes. http://www.forbes.com/sites/brucejapsen/2012/09/12/u-s-workforce-illness-costs-576b-annually-from-sick-days-to-workers-compensation/. Accessed 7-10-13.
  28. Jiang X, Doyle MP (1999). Fate of Escherichia coli O157: H7 and Salmonella Enteritidis on currency. Journal of Food Protection 62:805–7. (United States)
  29. Kirby, J (2012), Banknote ‘dirtier than toilet’, The Independent. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/home-news/banknote-dirtier-than-toilet-seat-7542212.html. Accessed 9-16-12
  30. Khin NO, Phyu PW, Aung MH et al. (1989). Contamination of currency notes with enteric bacterial pathogens. Journal of Diarrhoeal Disease Research 7:92–4. (Burma/Myanmar)
  31. Kumar JD, Negi YK, Gaur A, Khanna D. (2009). Detection of virulence genes in Staphylococcus aureus isolated from paper currency. Int Journal Infect Dis, 13(6):450-55. (India)
  32. Kuria JK, Wahome RG, Jobalamin M, Kariuki SM (2009). Profile of bacteria and fungi on money coins. East Afr Med Journal, 86: 151-155. (Kenya)
  33. Lamichhane J, Adhikary S, Gautam P, Maharjan R, Dhakal B (2009). Risk of Handling Paper Currency in Circulation Chances of Potential Bacterial Transmittance. Nepal Journal Sci. Technol, 10: 161-166. (Nepal)
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  35. Morrison, A.C. (1910). The transmission of disease by money. Popular Science Monthly. 75, 86-88. (Review Summary)
  36. Orji NM, Esiaka EE, Anyaegbunam LC, Obi RK, Ezaegwuna DA. Parasite Contamination of Nigerian Currency (Paper and Polymer Notes) In The Ihiala Local Government Area of Anamber State, Nigeria. Internet Journal Infectious Diseases. 10(1):10.5580/2a7c(Nigeria)
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  40. Paguio AD (1961). Cyst and ova of intestinal parasites found on paper money. Santo Tomas Journal of Medicine 26:208–22. (Phillippines)
  41. Pope TW, Ender PT, Woelk WK, Koroscil MA, Koroscil TM. (2002). Bacterial contamination of paper currency South Med Journal, 95(12):1408-10. (United States)
  42. Pradeep NV, Anupama, Marulasiddaiah BS, Chetana M, Gayathri P, Maduri SN. (2012). Microbial contamination of Indian currency notes in circulation. Journal Res Biol, 2(4):377-382. (India)
  43. Rocha-Gamez J, Tejeda-Villarreal PN, Macias-Cardenas P, Canizales-Oviedo J. (2012). Microbial contamination in 20-peso banknotes in Monterrey, Mexico. Journal Environ Health, 75(2):20-3. (Mexico)
  44. Saadabi, A.M., L.F. Ali, A.B. Omer, G.A. Ahmed and R.K. Al-Asa, 2010. Isolation and identification of pathogenic bacteria and fungi from some Sudanese banknote currency. Res. Journal Med. Sci., 4: 315-318. (Sudan)
  45. Sahab AF, Dissoki B, Sahaa S, Badie, S, Hanafy O. (2012). Studies on Fungal Contamination of Current Egyptian Paper Banknotes. Internat J Microbiol Res, 3(1):75-81. (Egypt)
  46. Schaarschmidt, J. (1884). Upon the occurrence of bacteria and minute algae on the surface of paper money. Nature. 30, 360-360
  47. Shekarforoush S, Khajeh A, Zarei M. (2009). Evaluation of the Bacterial Contamination of the Iranian Currency Notes. Iranian, Journal Health & Environ, 1(2):81-88. (Iran)
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  50. Tagoe DNA, Baidoo SE, Dadzie I, Ahator D, (2010). A study of Bacterial Contamination of Ghanaian Currency Notes in Circulation. Internet Journal Microbiol, 8(2):10.5580/c78. (Ghana)
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Housekeeping

  1. Bound, W. H., and R. I. Atkinson. 1966. Bacterial aerosol from water closets: A comparison of two types of pan and two types of cover. Lan- cet 1:1369–1370.
  2. Gerba, C. P., M. R. Yahya, T. M. Staub et al. 1998. Microbiology of hotel bathrooms.
  3. Jepson, B (2012) U.S Workforce Illness Costs $576B Annually From Sick Days To Workers Compensation, Forbes. http://www.forbes.com/sites/brucejapsen/2012/09/12/u-s-workforce-illness-costs-576b-annually-from-sick-days-to-workers-compensation/. Accessed 7-10-13.
  4. Mendes MF. Lynch DJ. 1976. A bacteriological survey of washrooms and toilets. Journal Hyg (Lon), 76(2):183-190.
  5. Sanderson PJ, Weissler S. 1992. Recovery of coliforms from the hands of nurses and patients: activities leading to contamination. Journal Hosp Infect, 21(2):85-93.
  6. Weinstein, S. A., N. M. Gantz, C. Pelletier et al. 1989. Bacterial surface contamination of patients’ linen. Am. Journal Infect. Control 17:264–267.

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Fitness and Sports Centres

  1. Al-Doory Y, Ramsey S (1987) Cutaneous mycotic diseases. In: Moulds and health: Who is at risk? Spring- field, IL, Charles C. Thomas, pp. 61–68, 206–208.
  2. Bee P. (2006). Is going to the gym bad for your health? Daily Mail. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-393921/Is-going-gym-bad-health.html Accessed 6-18-13.
  3. Benjamin HJ, Nikore V, Takagishi J. (2007). Practical Management: Community-Associated Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (CA-MRSA): The Latest Sports Epidemic. Clinic Journal Sport Med, 17(5):393-97.
  4. Castilla MT, Sanzo JM, Fuentes S (1995). Molluscum contagiosum in children and its relationship to attendance at swimming-pools: an epidemiological study. Dermatology, 191(2): 165.
  5. Conklin RJ (1990). Common cutaneous disorders in athletes. Sports Medicine, 9: 100–119.
  6. Creeden S. (2013). Without state regulations, gym owners fight germs. Bluffton Today. http://www.blufftontoday.com/bluffton-news/2013-04-28/without-state-regulations-gym-owners-fight-germs#.UcD_FL8ui-I. Accessed 6-18-13.
  7. Cuomo C. (2006). Gym Germs Can Make you Sick. ABCNews.com. bcnews.go.com/GMA/OnCall/story?id=2237306#.UcDfgb8ui-I. Accessed 6-18-13.
  8. Ellin A. (2007). Staph at the Gym? Not if You’re Careful. The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2007/11/01/fashion/01staph.html?_r=2&pagewanted=print&. Accessed 6-18-13
  9. Gaynes S. (2011). Germiest Places At The Gym. HUFFPOST HEALTHY LIVING. 10-8-11. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/08/08/germiest-places-at-the-gym_n_920649.html#s324142title=Water_Fountains. Accessed 6-18-13
  10. Goldhammer KA, Dooley DP, Ayala E, Zera W, Hill BL. (2006). Prospective study of bacterial and viral contamination of exercise equipment. Clin Journal Sport Med, 16(1):34-8
  11. Glezen WP, Lindsay RL, DeWalt JL, Dillon HC Jr. (1972). Epidemic pyoderma caused by nephritogenic streptococci in college athletes. Lancet. 1:301-303.
  12. Jepson, B (2012) U.S Workforce Illness Costs $576B Annually From Sick Days To Workers Compensation, Forbes. http://www.forbes.com/sites/brucejapsen/2012/09/12/u-s-workforce-illness-costs-576b-annually-from-sick-days-to-workers-compensation/. Accessed 7-10-13.
  13. Johnson LW (1995). Communal showers and the risk of plantar warts. Journal of Family Practice, 40: 136–138
  14. Kilvington S, White DG (1994). Acanthamoeba: biology, ecology and human disease. Reviews in Medical Microbiology, 5: 12–20
  15. Melone L. (2012). 10 Germiest Gym Hot Spots. Prevention, October. http://www.prevention.com/fitness/fitness-tips/where-germs-and-bacteria-lurk-your-gym Accessed 6-18-13
  16. Reyes M. (2013). Germs at the Gym. Fitness. http://www.fitnessmagazine.com/health/body/germs-bacteria/germs-at-the-gym/ Accessed 6-18-13
  17. Sharma S, Srinivasan M, George C (1990). Acanthamoeba keratitis in non-contact lens wearers. Archives of Ophthalmology, 108: 676–678.
  18. Turbeville SD, Gowan LD, Greenfield RA. (2006). Infectious Disease Outbreaks in Competitive Sports, A Review of the Literature. Am Journal Sports Med, 34(11):1860-1865.
  19. Zapka CA, Campbell EJ, Maxwell SL, Gerba CP, Dolan MJ, Arbogast JW, Macinga DR. (2011). Bacterial Hand Contamination and Transfer after Use of Contaminated Bulk-Soap-Refillable Dispensers. Appl Environ Microbiol, 77(9):2898-2904.

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Workplace Wellness

  1. Aiello et al. 2008; Apsley 2008; Arbogast et al. 2005; Bertera 1990; CBI 2001; CIPD 2001; Doull et al. 2006: Goetzel et al. 2004; Hemp 2004; Hubner et al. 2010; Kotch et al. 2007; Lederman 2000; Macquarie 2002; Ruehl 1997; Milam-Perez 2003; Stewart et al. 2003; Uhari & Mottonen 1999; Watson Wyatt 2003.
  2. Aldana, Steven, (2001) Financial impact of health promotion programs: A comprehensive review of the literature, American Journal of Health Promotion, May/June; 15(5):296-320
  3. Apsley Recruitment. 2008. Client Articles, Issue 15, Absenteeism: The Problem and its Prevention. http://www.apsleyrecruitment.com.au/articles/absenteeism-the-problem-and-its- prevention.aspx
  4. ASM/SDA (American Society for Microbiology/Soap & Detergent Association). (2007). Hygiene Habits Stalled: Public Handwashing Down-2007 hand hygiene survey results. http://www.cleaning101.com/newsroom/09-17-07.cfm. Accessed 6-10-13.
  5. Ansari SA, Springthorpe VS, Sat-tar SA, Rivard S, Rahman M. (1991). Potential Role of Hands in the Spread of Respiratory Viral Infections: Studies with Human Parainfluenza Virus 3 and ithinovirus 14. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 29(10):2115-2119
  6. Arbogast JW, Yaussy CF, Cartner T. (2005). Evaluating Effects of an Alcohol Hand Sanitizer Program on Employee Absenteeism: Unpublished Report
  7. Bean B, Moore BM, Sterner B, Peterson LR, Gerding DN, Balfour Jr HH. (1982). Survival of Influenza Viruses on Environmental Surfaces. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 146(1):47-51
  8. Berry MA. (1994). Protecting the Built Environment: Cleaning for Health. North Carolina: Tricomm 21st Press
  9. Bertera, Robert L., (1990) The effects of workplace health promotion on absenteeism and employment costs in a large industrial population, American Journal of Public Health, 80(9): 1101-1105
  10. Blair, S. (1996). The FitWorks Savings Story-Pacific Bell
  11. Boles M, Pelletier B, Lynch W. (2004). Relationship between health risks and work productivity. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 46:737-745
  12. Boyce JM, Kelliher S, Vallande N. (2000). Skin irritation and dryness associated with two hand- hygiene regimens: soap and water hand washing versus hand antisepsis with an alcoholic hand gel. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol, 21:442-8.
  13. Bramley TJ, Lerner D, Sames M. (2002). Productivity losses related to the common cold. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 44(9):822-9
  14. CBI (Confederation of British Industry). (2001). Pulling Together: 2001 absence and labour turnover survey, in association with PPP healthcare
  15. CCOHS-Health Canada. (2004). CCOHS (Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety). Workplace Health and Wellness Guide. http://www.ccohs.ca/products/publications/wellness.html
  16. Chapman LS. (2003). Meta-evaluation of worksite health promotion economic return studies. The Art of HealthPromotion, 6(6):1-16
  17. Chapman LS. (2005). Meta-evaluation of worksite health promotion economic return studies: 2005 update. American Journal of Health Promotion,19(6):1-11. (Art of Health Promotion Section)
  18. Cherry G. (2007). Pandemic Preparedness for Canadian Business. Safety Canada, Vol XLXl (1):4- 5
  19. CIPD (Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development). 2001. Employee absence: a survey of management policy and practice
  20. Daimler Chrysler/UAW National Wellness Program (2013) http://www.sph.emory.edu/healthproject/past_winners/year/2000/daimler_chrysler/description.html Accessed 5-9-13
  21. Doull D, Ferrara G, Boughner K, Fior B. (2006). Well at Work- Creating Healthy Workplaces. Proceedings of the Healthy Eating & Active Living Conference, Toronto, 11-29,30-06
  22. Fries, James F., et al., (1993) Two-year results of a randomized controlled trial of a health promotion program in a retiree population: the Bank of America study, American Journal of Medicine, May; 94: 455-462
  23. Goetzel R. et al.(2004). Health, Absence, Disability, and Presenteeism Cost Estimates of Certain Physical and Mental Health Conditions Affecting U.S. Employers. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, April 2004.
  24. Green J. (2005) Chrysler’s Healthy Way to Slash Costs. Business Report 02-07-05
  25. Gurevich I, Yannelli B, Cunha BA. (1988). Preventing the Spread of Infectious Disease. Precautionary Measures for the Office Setting. Postgraduate Medicine, 84(3):89-93, 96-9
  26. Hemp P. (2004). Presenteeism: At Work-But Out of It. Harvard Business Review, 10-01,09-04.
  27. Hendley JO, Wenzel RP, Gwaltney JM. (1973). Transmission of rhinovirus colds by self- inoculation. New England J Med, 288:1361-64.
  28. Hubner NO, Hubner C, Wodny M, Kampf G, Kramer A. (2010). BMC Infectious Diseases, 10:250 (08-24-10).
  29. Jaakkola JJ, & Heinonen OP. (1995). Shared Office Space and the Risk of the Common Cold. European Journal of Epidemiology, 11(2):213-216.
  30. Jepson, B (2012) U.S Workforce Illness Costs $576B Annually From Sick Days To Workers Compensation, Forbes. http://www.forbes.com/sites/brucejapsen/2012/09/12/u-s-workforce-illness-costs-576b-annually-from-sick-days-to-workers-compensation/. Accessed 7-10-13.
  31. Koop C.E. (2002). Health Project - Federal Express Health Risk Reduction and Cost Reduction Program – National Health Awards. http://ProgramHealthproject.sandford.edu/koop/federal%20express/description.html
  32. Kotch JB, Isbell P, Weber DJ, Nguyen V, Savage E, Gunn E, Skinner M, Fowlkes S, Virk J, Allen J. 2007. Hand-washing and diapering equipment reduces disease among children in out-of- home child care centers. Pediatrics, 120(1):29-36
  33. Lovel V. (2004). No Time to be sick: Why everyone suffers when workers don’t have paid sick leave. IWPR Publications B242. Washington DC
  34. Macquarie Institute Australia (2002). Abseentism Costs Companies More Than Ever As Employers Fail to Crak Persistent Problem of No-Shows. http://www.macquarieinstitute.com.au/sci-articlelibrary/Article_003.htm
  35. Maibach HI, & Menne TM. (2000). Hand Eczema. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, London, UK
  36. Milam-Perez LA. (2003). HR How-To: Workplace Safety. CCH Publishing, NY
  37. Miller B. 2008. Healthy workplaces – a top priority in Europe. Mai 2008---OSHA. http://hw.osha.europa.eu . Assessed 8-10-2013
  38. Mintz ED, Hudson-Wragg M, Mshar P, Cartter ML, Hadler JL. (1993). Foodborne Giardiasis in a Corporate Office Setting. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 167(1):250-253
  39. MMWR .(1984). Outbreaks of Respiratory Illness Among Employees in Large Office Buildings – Tennessee, District of Columbia. MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 33(36):506-8,513
  40. MMWR .(1987). Measles Transmitted in a Medical Office Building – New Mexico, 1986. MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 36(2):25-27
  41. MMWR .(2001). Mumps in the Workplace—Chicago. MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 37(35):533-538
  42. Motorola, (2013) Health Promotion at Motorola. http://infopoint.welcoa.org/blueprints/blueprint1/publications/pp_motorola.html. Accessed 7-10-13
  43. Musich S , Chapman L .(2006). Status Report on Disease Management Efforts for the Health Promotion Community. American Journal of Health Promotion. 20(3): S1-S9
  44. Narita T, Nagata Y, Uema K. (1999). Outbreak of Tuberculosis Among Middle Aged Employees in an Office. Kekkaku, 74(12):863-868
  45. Neely AN. & Maley MP. (2001). Dealing with Contaminated Computer Keyboards and Microbial Surv ival. American Journal of Infection Control, 29(2):131-132
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  47. Ozminkowski, Ronald J., et.al., (1999). A return on investment evaluation of the Citibank, N.A., Health Management Program, American Journal of Health Promotion, September/October; 14(1):31-43
  48. Ozminkowski, Ronald J., et.al., (2002) Long term impact of Johnson & Johnson’s Health & Wellness Program on health care utilization and expenditures, Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, January; 44(1); 21-29
  49. Reliable Plant. (2007). Calling in Sick Today? Blame it on Office Germs. Reliable Plant Magazine, Nov/Dec. www.reliableplant.com
  50. Ruehl D. 1997. “Non-alcohol hand sanitizer reduces absentee days due to illness” Testimonial letter dated February 20. 1997
  51. Sterling TD, Sterling E, Dimich-Ward H. (1983)Building Illness in the White-collar Workplace. International Journal of Health Services, 13(2):277-287
  52. Stoltzfus E. (2006). Emerging Benefits: Access to Health Promotion Benefits in the United States, Private Industry, 1999 and 2005. US Bureau of Labor Statistics US Dept of Labor, http://www.bls.gov/opub/cwc/print/cm20060724ch01.htm. Accessed 5-9-13
  53. Tupker RA.(1996). Detergents and cleansers [Chapter 7]. In: van der Valk PGM, Maibach HI, eds. The Irritant Contact Dermatitis Syndrome. New York, NY: CRC Press
  54. Turabelidze G, Lin M, Wolkoff B, Dodson D, Gladbach S, Zhu BP. (2006). Personal hygiene and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection. Emerging Infectious Diseases 2006 12:422-7
  55. Uhoda I, Pierard-Franchimont C, Pierard GE. (1999). Hue and Cry Over Pens? Revue Medicale de Liege , 54(1):37-38
  56. UK NHS (National Health Service). (2005). Pandemic Flu – UK Health Departments’ Influenza pandemic contingency plan. www.dh.gov.uk/pandemicflu. Accessed 4-28-08
  57. US HHS- Dept. of Health and Human Services .(2003) Prevention Makes Common “Cents”. http://aspe.hhs.gov/health/prevention/prevention.pdf Accessed 6-10-2013
  58. US PHS- Public Health Service (1993) Health Promotion Goes to Work: Programs with an Impact
  59. Watson Wyatt. 2003. Staying @ Work Canada – Building on Disability Management in Canada. http://www.watsonwyatt.com/canada-english/pubs/stayingatwork. Accessed 5-10-13
  60. WCA (Wellness Councils of America). (2006) Well Workplace Award ConAgra Foods, Inc. http://www.welcoa.org/wellworkplace/index.php?cat=5&page=16
  61. Wilhelm KP. (1996). Prevention of surfactant-induced irritant contact dermatitis. Curr Probl Dermatol , 25:78--85

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Travel

  1. Annual Passenger Total Approaches 3 Billion According to ICAO 2012 Air Transport Results, International Civil Aviation Organization. http://www.icao.int/Newsroom/Pages/annual-passenger-total-approaches-3-billion-according-to-ICAO-2012-air-transport-results.aspx, Accessed 01-20-2014.
  2. Growth of the cruise line industry, Cruise Market Watch. http://www.cruisemarketwatch.com/growth/. Accessed 10-14-2013.
    1. Jepson, B (2012) U.S Workforce Illness Costs $576B Annually From Sick Days To Workers Compensation, Forbes. http://www.forbes.com/sites/brucejapsen/2012/09/12/u-s-workforce-illness-costs-576b-annually-from-sick-days-to-workers-compensation/. Accessed 7-10-13.
  3. Van Camp RO, Ortega Jr HJ. 2007. Hand sanitizer and rates of acute illness in military aviation personnel. Aviat Space Environ Med, 78:140-142.Employee Illness Reduction on an International Airline. 2000. “Non-alcohol hand sanitizer effectively reduces exposure to infection” Lederman Letter on file dated October 26, 2000.

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First Responders

  1. Hand-washing rates low among emergency medical personnel, CBS News. http://www.cbsnews.com/news/hand-washing-rates-low-among-emergency-medical-personnel/. Accessed 11-30-2013.
  2. Jepson, B (2012) U.S Workforce Illness Costs $576B Annually From Sick Days To Workers Compensation, Forbes. http://www.forbes.com/sites/brucejapsen/2012/09/12/u-s-workforce-illness-costs-576b-annually-from-sick-days-to-workers-compensation/. Accessed 7-10-13.

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 Pandemic Preparedness

  1. Abad FX, Pinto RM, Bosch A. Survival of enteric viruses on environmental fomites. Appl Environ Microbiol. Oct 1994;60(10):3704-3710.
  2. AFP. 2007. Bird flu pandemic could cost 2 trillion dollars: World Bank. afp.google.com/article/ ALeqM5jwyI_9EMfbLnuU5h-SetGMHnUiZA. Accessed 7-31-08.
  3. Barker J, Stevens D, Bloomfield SF. Spread and prevention of some common viral infections in community facilities and domestic homes. J Appl Microbiol. Jul 2001;91(1):7-21.
  4. Bean B, Moore BM, Sterner B, Peterson LR, Gerding DN, Balfour Jr HH. 1982. Survival of Influenza Viruses on Environmental Surfaces. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 146(1):47-51.
  5. Boone SA, Gerba CP. Significance of fomites in the spread of respiratory and enteric viral disease. Appl Environ Microbiol. Mar 2007;73(6):1687-1696.
  6. Boone SA, Gerba CP. The occurrence of influenza A virus on household and daycare center fomites. J Infect. Aug 2005;51(2):103-109.
  7. Butler-Jones D. 2007. Preparing for an Influenza Pandemic. Safety Canada, Vol XLXl (1):1-3.
  8. Dunham W. 2007. Huge U.S. economic losses forecast in flu pandemic. Reuters, 03-22-07.
  9. Dyer D, Shinder A, Shinder F. 2000. Alcohol-free instant hand sanitizer reduces elementary school illness absenteeism. Fam Med, 32: 633–38.
  10. EN (European) Communities Commission. 2005. Communication on Pandemic Influenza Preparedness and Response Planning in the European Community. Brussels, 28.11.2005, COM(2005) 607 final.
  11. EC (European Commission). 2004. Commission working document on community influenza pandemic preparedness and response planning. Brussels: Global agenda on influenza surveillance and control. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2003. Available from: http://www.who.int/csr/disease/influenza/csrinfluenzaglobalagenda/en/
  12. Greatorex JS, Digard P, Curran MD, et al. Survival of influenza A(H1N1) on materials found in households: implications for infection control. PLoS One.6(11):e27932.
  13. Irwin CK, Yoon KJ, Wang C, et al. Using the systematic review methodology to evaluate factors that influence the persistence of influenza virus in environmental matrices. Appl Environ Microbiol. Feb;77(3):1049-1060.
  14. Khor M. 2005. Imminent flu pandemic may kill millions warn WHO experts. http://www.twnside.org.sg/title2/health.info/twninfohealth002.htm. Accessed 4-28-08.
  15. Jepson, B (2012) U.S Workforce Illness Costs $576B Annually From Sick Days To Workers Compensation, Forbes. http://www.forbes.com/sites/brucejapsen/2012/09/12/u-s-workforce-illness-costs-576b-annually-from-sick-days-to-workers-compensation/. Accessed 7-10-13.
  16. Li C, Freedman M. Seasonal influenza: an overview. J Sch Nurs. Feb 2009;25 Suppl 1:4S-12S.
  17. McDevitt J, Rudnick S, First M, Spengler J. Role of absolute humidity in the inactivation of influenza viruses on stainless steel surfaces at elevated temperatures. Appl Environ Microbiol. Jun;76(12):3943-3947.
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  18. Medicine Io. Preparing for an influenza Pandemic: Personal Protective 
Equipment for Healthcare Workers. 2011; 
http://www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=11980. Accessed 01-13-12.
  19. Mott PJ, Sisk BW, Arbogast JW, Ferrazzano-Yaussy C, Bondi CA, Sheehan JJ 2007. Alcohol-based instant hand sanitizer use in military settings: a prospective cohort study of Army basic trainees. Mil Med, 172(11):1170-6.
  20. Simmerman JM, Suntarattiwong P, Levy J, et al. influenza virus contamination of common household surfaces during the 2009 influenza A (H1N1) pandemic in Bangkok, Thailand: implications for contact transmission. Clin Infect Dis. Nov 1;51(9):1053-1061.
  21. Stebbins S Cummings DA, Stark JH, Vukotich C, Mitruka K, Thompson W, Rinaldo C, Roth L, Wagner M, Wisniewski SR, Dato V, Eng H, Burke DS. 2011. Reduction in the incidence of influenza A but not influenza B associated with use of hand sanitizer and cough hygiene in schools: a randomized controlled trial. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 30(11):921-6.
  22. The World Bank. Avian Flu: Economic Losses could top US$800 Billion. http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/NEWS/0,,contentMDK:20990087~pagePK:64257043~piPK:437376~theSitePK:4607,00.html. Accessed 11-08-13.
  23. The World Health Report 2007 – Chapter 4: A safer future: global public health security in the 21st century. http://www.who.int/whr/2007/en/ Accessed 11-08-13.
  24. Thompson WW, Shay DK, Weintraub E, et al. Mortality associated with influenza and respiratory syncytial virus in the United States. JAMA. Jan 8 2003;289(2):179-186.
  25. US DHS 2007; NHS 2005; Butler-Jones 2007; Cherry 2007; EC 2004.
  26. Vlahov D, Bond KT, Jones KC, Ompad DC. Factors Associated with Differential Uptake of Seasonal influenza Immunizations Among Underserved Communities During the 2009-2010 influenza Season. J Community Health. Jul 22.
  27. White C, Kolble R, Carlson R, Lipson N, Dolan M, Ali, Y, Cline M. 2003. The effect of hand hygiene on illness rate among students in university residence halls. American Journal of Infection Control 31, 364–370.
  28. World Health Organisation 2004. Estimating the impact of the next influenza pandemic: enhancing preparedness. http://web.archive.org/web/20041210193353/http://www.who.int/csr/disease/influenza/preparedness2004_12_08/en/print.html. Accessed 11-08-13.

 

 

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